Lack of sleep, disturbed sleep and irregularity in sleep/wake patterns are associated with obesity, sub-optimal glucose metabolism and increased fat storage. In short, when we sleep less than 7 hours, not only do we tend to choose larger portion sizes, but we also tend to crave more sugary and starchy carbohydrates foods, on average our calorie intake increases by 350kcal to 500kcal/day as our brain finds it harder to control our cravings due to imbalances in our hunger and satiety hormones, at the end of the week this may accumulate to 3500 kcal.
Tips to improve your sleep:
Although certain risks factors for cardiovascular diseases cannot be changed such as family history, ethnicity and age, many others may be reduced and even reversed: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, Type 2 diabetes, tobacco exposure, sedentary lifestyle…
Diet is one of the key factors that may have an impact on the health of your heart. Adopting a “cardiometabolic diet” rich in dietary fibre, phytonutrients and healthy fats can help you achieve and maintain a healthy weight, reduce LDL cholesterol, hypertension and Type 2 diabetes. The type of food, cooking methods and meal timing all contribute to reduce inflammation, and oxidation which are implicated in atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
The cardiometabolic foods work in synergy to fight off atherosclerosis while providing an enjoyable and tasty diet rich in fresh and colourful vegetables, fruit, legumes, wholegrains and healthy fats found in fish, olive oil, nuts and seeds.
Whether you are interested in prevention or you already suffer from a heart condition you can start learning about therapeutic food through the Cardiometabolic diet plan.
As autumn settles in and winter is at our door step, we need to make some changes to our diet to support our natural defences against cold and flu: